When designing a website, you may encounter some unexpected problems, and one of them is the color.
Understanding of how to choose colors and identifying how colors can be displayed on different types of computers are the first steps to ensure your website will look like what you expected it to be.
In addition to finding and choosing the appropriate colors, it is essential for you to develop and manage color schemes for your project. It’s simple to create a template color scheme by using popular softwares such as Adobe’s Photoshop or Illustrator and arrange colors in a way that makes it easiest to find and use.
Understanding Web Color
Colors on websites are made by combining a mixture of red, green and blue; this is the form of color scheme called RGB. Each color represents a numerical value between 0 and 255, and each unique color value corresponding to red, green and blue. For example, the black will not be valid by its RGB 0,0,0. The first number always refers to the value red, the second green and the rest are blue.
There are 256 variations of color, 16 million color combinations can use RGB. Most computers today can handle spot value of all 16 million colors and displays them correctly.
Some people still use the list of 216 safe colors so that colors can be displayed correctly when using the palette of 256 colors. This standard has gradually lost when advances in technology and screen colors appear.
When creating colors, you can optionally use an RGB value or using hexadecimal notation or HEX value. HEX color values are determined by six characters, starting with the # sign. HEX values use a combination of numbers and letters: 0 is the lowest value and FF (255) is the highest value. One of 6 characters in HEX values corresponding to the number of RGB values. Black HEX value is # 000000.
In addition, according to w3schools.com, 147 colors are determined by names of applications for HTML and CSS, we have a detailed color table with names and values. There are 17 standard colors are blue, black, blue, pink, gray, green, lemon yellow, maroon, green, navi, olive green, pink, red, silver, white and gold . Each color has an RGB and HEX value in particular. For example, chestnut with RGB 128, 0, 0 and HEX # 8000000; silver is 192, 192, 192 or # C0C0C0.
Create Color Swatches
Creating a color scheme is sometimes a lot easier than what you think. We have a range of necessary colors to get our desired effects which depends on the complexity of each page design. Some designers are clever when creating pairs of colors to have color schemes and start to make color combination all over again, others find inspiration from many sites or external reference sources such as the color chip hardware stores or combining the colors found in nature.
Color scheme is developed in different ways depending on the thoughts of designers. Some designers can create colors from the sky, from the pages of a book or use the colors from the images which are the most common way to develop a color scheme. When creating a color scheme, make a color combination for each section of your website such as header, background, navigation bar, sidebar, text color and the color of the links.
In oder to use colors that you have found in other places, take pictures of them and open them in a photo editing software like Adobe Photoshop. Enlarge the image until you see the clear pixels and use the eyedropper tool to select colors that you like and write their color values.
Import Color Swatches
Not all designers start from scratch with coordinating colors. There are various free online tools that allow users to develop, download and add more color palettes quickly. The color schemes can be made by using a single color and added nuances or using a certain image. Let’s explore some tools that provide accurate color combinations so that you can download and use the compatible ones for your computer. Here are a few simple options for your project:
ColorBlender can instantly create a palette 6 colors and designers can download it as a Photoshop Color Table, Illustrator EPS, or they can send an email to make a color combination or use any other programs. The colors are combined using tool slide for each RGB value. Color coordination here is quite beautiful and has many levels. You can also add a color value that you love to start. You don’t need to install and you can customize each color option, and even combine with the PANTONE color.
ColorCombos has a vast library of preset color combinations that come in the form of five-color schemes that are searchable by hue. Each displays HEX, RGB and even CMYK (for print projects) values for each color. Schemes are downloadable as a .png file. Use the eyedropper tool to extra and save each color value. The site also allows users to create custom color combinations.
3. Color Palette Generator
Color Palette Generator is version of dithering colors automatically from images. Users can select one of the pre-installed images or upload their pictures to have palette 9 colors from the image. The colors here are quite nice but you can not download. Move your mouse over each color and you will have its HEX value. This version does not provide RGB values.
4. Color Scheme Designer
Color Scheme Designer is probably the most intuitive tool here. It creates a lot of coordination of 4 colors like other programs but it allows users to view the color schemes that can be used like on their website, based on the light and dark pages. The site allows users to coordinate the colors using the color wheel and color coordination was developed by using multiple options like mono, complementary, trial, terad, Analogic and pallet accent. The site also has many options download formats, including HTML, XML, text and Photoshop palette. Each color value is displayed HEX and RGB values.
5. Swatch Organization
This is the easiest way to manage and organize the color scheme in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator through the color coordinated library. You can set special colors and save them, then you can open them for a certain number of projects (the Adobe products are also quite nice, including a set of Pantone CMYK applications).
To add more colors to the color scheme library, open the palette Swatches from Window. The opened window is the default color palette. You can find a wide range of selections by choosing the tab expansion, each option will pop up a new window. Select “new swatch” to add color coordination or “load swatches” to enter downloaded color scheme and use anytime.
A color scheme with too many colors can be quite cumbersome. If you create a new file for each project, you can use it again. Keep the small color palette and drop the color that you will not use. Name the colors in a way that you can remember their applications. For example, in the library of color schemes “My Website”, the name of each color should be based on how it is used, not only the RGB values.
Do not store the color schemes used only once for applications in library. It is time-comsuming. Remember to remove any colors from the color library for the project that you have transferred to the customer and keep your file clear and tidy.
Whether it is a print project or a web project, the first step to create your own colors is to understand how it works and how to create color schemes. Understanding the numbers related to colors also help you create the color scheme more easily.
Combine the most suitable colors for the project. Once you have set the color, the arrangement of the color scheme also helps the workflow be done better. You can use the tools in Adobe Creative Suite to build and manage the color system. Classify the colors and name them in the way the will be used will also help you choose more quickly.
Once again, I wish you would get fantastic color schemes for your project.
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